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Sunday, April 15, 2012
Archbishop Jöns Bengtsson
At the moment this will represent The Swedish Archbishop Jöns Bengtsson from the House of Oxenstierna. But Archbishop Jöns sided both ways as long as he and he´s family had something to gain out of it...
Saint Erik, a banner that was keept in the Archbishop´s Cathedral of Uppsala.
King Karl Knutsson (Bonde), to escape from money troubles, increased taxes and confiscated church property, dissatisfaction spread among clergy and people, and Bengtsson placed himself at the head of the opposition in 1457.
Entering his cathedral, he laid aside his pontifical insignia, took up helmet, breastplate, and sword, and announced his intention not to resume his pontifical robes until King Karl should be banished from the country. After the Battle of Älgsundet in february 1457, the King was forced to yield and fled to Germany.
Thereupon Christian I of Denmark was formally recognized King of Sweden, and crowned at Stockholm by the Archbishop.
During a temporary absence of Christian I in Finland, the archbishop held the regency of Sweden; seeing the people in revolt against him and the heavy imposts, he took up their cause and suspended the collection of taxes. The king showed his displeasure by arresting the archbishop and sending him to Denmark.
A revolution broke out afresh in Sweden: Karl VIII was recalled to the throne, and Christian I, to recover the country, became reconciled with his prisoner. The Archbishop went at once to Sweden, where he roused the people against Karl VIII, whom he excommunicated.
Dissensions continued, and the king of the Swedish party, Karl VIII, once more took the place of the king who represented the union of the three countries. The archbishop found an asylum with his friend Magnus Gren, on the island of Öland. Here he died at Borgholm on 15 December 1467, "poor and exiled, regretted by no one, hated by many, and feared by all".
Moreover, the archbishop was aware that the nobility and the leading men of Sweden, before the Union of Kalmar, had in general failed to respect the clergy and the property of the Church. In a union of Sweden with Denmark and Norway, he foresaw a limitation of the power of the Swedish nobles; in his character of archbishop, it was clear to him that such curtailment would be a safeguard to the temporalities of the Church.