Friday, December 14, 2012

69th Pennsylvania (2nd Carlifornia Regiment)

Next up are the Irish !  69th Pennsylvania (2nd Carlifornia Regiment). Seemes like they had 2 companys that was derssed in Zouave uniform with green lining so I made me a base of them:)

Minis are a mix of Perry Plastics and Foundry.

Flags from Flag of War.


The 69th Pennsylvania was recruited from Philadelphia Irish militia companies of the 2nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia. It was mustered into service on August 19, 1861, with Joshua T. Owen as its first colonel. Many of its members had served in the 24th - three month volunteer regiment The unit was first designated the 2nd California. It left for Washington, D.C. that September, before being assigned to the Army of the Potomac in October as part of Colonel Edwin Baker's California Brigade. The regiment’s first action was at the Battle of Balls Bluff. After this battle, its name was changed to the 68th Pa for a short time and then the 69th. They made an attempt with the 69th New York to form an Irish Brigade but Governor Andrew Gregg Curtin of Pennsylvania opposed the idea, which led to the proposal being dropped. The 68th had their regimental designation changed to the 69th in honor of the 69th New York.


The 69th served in the Peninsula Campaign, during which it was complimented by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker for making “the first successful bayonet charge of the war.” Its next major action was at the Battle of Antietam. It lost heavily at the Battle of Fredericksburg, but missed any major action at Chancellorsville, seeing only minor skirmishing.

The unit played a large role at the Battle of Gettysburg, helping repel both Brig. Gen. Ambrose Wright’s charge on July 2 and Pickett’s Charge on July 3. Its casualties over the last two days of the battle were enormous, losing 143 men out of 258, including its colonel, lieutenant colonel, two captains, and a lieutenant. The regiment's ranking officer, Maj. Duffy, was seriously wounded but refused to give up command until the battle was over. The 69th finished the campaign under the command of a captain.


The 69th fought in Grant’s Overland Campaign, again losing heavily. At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Lieutenant Charles McAnally of Company D captured a Confederate battleflag. He was later awarded the Medal of Honor for this act, becoming the only soldier of the 69th so decorated. After the Battle of Cold Harbor, the 71st Pennsylvania was merged into the 69th. During the Siege of Petersburg, the Philadelphia Brigade was broken up, with the 72nd Pennsylvania mustered out of service and the 106th reduced to a single battalion. The 69th participated in the pursuit of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Appomattox Campaign. The regiment was mustered out at Ball’s Cross-Roads, near Washington, on July 1, 1865.

The 69th was the only Pennsylvania regiment to carry a green "Irish" flag into battle.


6 comments:

  1. Impressive quality and impressive speed. Keep it up!

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  2. Thanks Jonas !

    I have made the base on all the minis so its just the final touch left. The last of the 4 regiments are under progress, Zouaves, a little more to paint on them so it will tak a day or so longer...

    best regards Michael

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  3. Fantastic looking Irish Michael!

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  4. Lovely unit and a good history lesson.

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  5. Another very nice unit, with a very interesting history too!

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  6. Enjoyed the history lesson and the unit looks great.

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